597 St Augustine was sent by the Pope in
Rome to SE England to convert the Germanic peoples (Anglo-Saxons)
who had taken over after the Roman empire collapsed. His followers
led the so-called Roman movement.
597 St Columba died on his island monastery
of Iona which he had founded in 563 as the base for conversion
of Irish settlers in Scotland. His followers led the 'Celtic'
635 Monks from Iona established the monastery
of Lindisfarne with a view to converting the people of
664 The Synod of Whitby met and the cases
for Roman and Celtic movements argued. The decision was taken
in favour of Rome, essentially the European mainstream.
By 716 All Columban / Celtic centres had conformed. 793 Lindisfarne
was the first victim of Viking raids. 840s The community (monks
and associated lay people) moved temporarily northwards.
875 They left Lindisfarne as their principal
house and went walkabout, carrying Cuthbert's coffin and
883 They were given the Roman fort of
Chester-le-Street as their new home. It was here that Aldred
added his translation.
995 The community relocated to Durham.
1539 Durham became an Anglian cathedral
at the Disssolution of the Monasteries. The Lindisfarne
Gospels may have been taken to London by Henry VIII's Commissioners
or it could have stayed at Durham until the 1590s.
1605 The Lindisfarne Gospels belonged
to Robert Bowyer, Clerk of the Parliaments and Keeper of
the Records, a known book-collector who lived in the Tower
1613 Ownership had passed to Sir Robert
Cotton 1753 Cotton's collections were
a foundation of the new British Museum Library.
1973 The British Museum Library became
part of the new British Library.