The British Library Homepage
home Home  >   Online Gallery  >  Online exhibitions  >   Features  >   Quebec 400  >   Siege and War
 
print

Quebec 400

Discovery Nouvelle France Siege and war Lower Canada Tercentenary Early 1900s decorative thumbnail images

The Siege of Quebec and the Seven Years War, 1756-1763

The British Library holds an extensive collection of material documenting the Seven Years War (1756–1763). Holdings are particularly strong in relation to the Siege of Quebec in 1759, which proved to be the crucial turning point.

The result of decades of geopolitical rivalry between Britain and France, the Seven Years War saw the two European superpowers fight for global supremacy and dominion over the North American continent. The City of Quebec was the strategic prize, and the key to French power in the continent.

Having established maritime control over the Atlantic earlier in the year, thereby severing the link between mainland France and her colonial representatives in Canada, General Wolfe's victory over Montcalm's forces on the Plains of Abraham above Quebec City allowed the British to overcome the French 'system of influence' in the continental interior.

Following the 'year of victory', the resulting truce confirmed at the Peace of Paris in 1763 reflected the great reversal of imperial fortunes which was the ultimate result of the Seven Years War.

The following maps and printed books show British plans for the attack on the city, and the disposition of troops under Wolfe and Montcalm, among other contemporary details.

Maps.70775.(8). 
A Plan of Quebec, the Capital of New France or Canada. London: Thomas Jefferys, Oct. 9th, 1758.
Maps.70775.(8). A Plan of Quebec, the Capital of New France or Canada. London: Thomas Jefferys, Oct. 9th, 1758.
Zoom in on this image


Ms. Add.3157 D. From Ms. Add. 31357 A-Y. Maps, plans, etc., of America and the West Indies. Plans of the attack on Quebec under General Wolfe, 1759 and Fort Jacques Cartier on the St. Lawrence, 1760.
Ms. Add.3157 D. From Ms. Add. 31357 A-Y. Maps, plans, etc., of America and the West Indies. Plans of the attack on Quebec under General Wolfe, 1759 and Fort Jacques Cartier on the St. Lawrence, 1760. © Copyright The British Library Board
Zoom in on this image


Maps K.Top.119.19.  A New Map of the Province of Quebec according to the Royal Proclamation of the 7th of October 1763, from the French Surveys... by Captain [Jonathan] Carver and other Officers. (Cartouche) From Thomas Jefferys. The American Atlas. London, 1776 (Maps 52.d.7.).
Maps K.Top.119.19. Jonathan Carver. A New Map of the Province of Quebec according to the Royal Proclamation of the 7th of October 1763, from the French Surveys... From Thomas Jefferys. The American Atlas. London, 1776 (Maps 52.d.7.). © Copyright The British Library Board
Zoom in on the full image


980.i.27. 1050.l.1.
G.15763. Jonathan Carver. Travels through the interior parts of North America, in 1766, 1767, 1768. London, 1779-1781.
980.i.28. Jonathan Carver. Travels through the interior parts of North America, in 1766, 1767, 1768. London, 1779-1781. © Copyright The British Library Board
Zoom in on this image


980.i.27. 1050.l.1.
G.15763. Jonathan Carver. Travels through the interior parts of North America, in 1766, 1767, 1768. London, 1779-1781.
980.i.28. Jonathan Carver. Travels through the interior parts of North America, in 1766, 1767, 1768. London, 1779-1781. © Copyright The British Library Board
Zoom in on this image

Images have been digitally enhanced

Introduction: Quebec 2008
Discovery of Canada and Quebec
La Nouvelle France 1608–1763
Siege of Quebec and Seven Years War 1756–63
Lower Canada
Tercentenary 1908
Early 1900s

 
 
Main
Intro: 2008
Themes
Discovery
Themes
La Nouvelle France
Themes
Siege and war
Themes
Lower Canada
Themes
Tercentenary
Themes
Early 1900s
Accessibility Terms of use
Copyright The British Library Board