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getting there
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ship building first voyage on board ship hazards cargoes
 
on board ship
 

Conditions on board were always cramped, unsanitary and difficult. An early East Indiaman was rarely more than 37 metres long by 11 metres wide. That’s only about four times the length and width of a London bus!

The seamen’s diet grew worse as a voyage progressed. Food was hard-baked bread, beer, cider, wine, dry salted beef, pickled pork and dried peas and beans. Fresh fish surprisingly played little part. Some ships carried chaplains and doctors; but as women at this time generally didn’t travel, female passengers were few and far between.

  surgical instruments   shipwreck material
   

Seventeenth century surgical instruments, from 1639 edition of Woodall.
C.77.h.18
(click image to enlarge)

Further Information

Shipwreck Material
Bottles from The Earl of Abergavenny
Courtesy of Ed Cumming,
Weymouth Underwater Archaeological Group
(click image to enlarge)

Further Information

   
ship and bus comparison  
   

A typical East Indiaman compared with a London bus.
(click image to enlarge)

 

 

   

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