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getting there
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ship building first voyage on board ship hazards cargoes

Life at sea was hard. Asian ports harboured many unknown diseases against which the seamen had no resistance. Those on board risked enemy action, accidental fire and storms.

Shipwreck was the greatest danger, though in fact only 5% of voyages were total losses. These were good enough odds for the East India Company not to bother with cargo insurance. Careful ship owners covered their risk on the developing London marine insurance market.

  death log   cufflinks

Entry of a death in log in The East Indiaman Rochester.
(click image to enlarge)

Further Information

Captain Wordsworth’s cufflinks
Courtesy of Ed Cumming,
Weymouth Underwater Archaeological Group
(click image to enlarge)

Further Information

World in 1600Getting ThereBantamExpansionIndiaChinaImpactsHOMECONTACT US SITE MAP

ShipbuildingFirst VoyageOn Board ShipHazardsCargoes