Sultan Baybars’ Qur’an (1304-06)
Sultan Baybars' Qur'an
British Library Add. MSS 22406-22412
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This impressive seven-volume Qur’an, handwritten in gold, is one of the most magnificent Islamic manuscripts anywhere in the world. It was produced in Cairo for the Mamluk Sultan Baybars by the calligrapher Muhammad ibn al-Wahid and a team of illuminators under Abu Bakr, also known as Sandal. The word Qur'an comes from the Arabic 'to read' and, traditionally, the Qur'an is recited. For Muslims, the Qur’an is the actual word of God as revealed to the Prophet Muhammad in Arabic by the archangel Gabriel.