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Cenotaph [tomb] of the Emperor Shah Jahan

Cenotaph [tomb] of the Emperor Shah Jahan

Artist: Anonymous

Medium: Watercolour

Date: 1835

Shelfmark: Add.Or.3169

Item number: 3169

Length: 12.4

Width: 19.5

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Drawing

Drawing of the Cenotaph of the Emperor Shah Jahan or the Taj Mahal in Agra, Uttar Pradesh. The Taj Mahal was built between 1631 and 1643 by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan (r.1628-58) as a mausoleum for his beloved wife Arjumand Banu Begum, who was also known by the title Mumtaz Mahal. Built of brick with a white marble facing inlaid with precious stones, the mausoleum is octagonal in plan and surmounted by a bulbous dome surrounded by four domed kiosks or 'chattris'. It stands on a plinth with a minaret at each of the four corners, sited at the northern end of enclosed formal gardens of the Persian ‘char bagh’ form, a square garden divided equally into four smaller quadrants.

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