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Exterior of the Jami Masjid and Buland Darwaza, Fatehpur Sikri.

Exterior of the Jami Masjid and Buland Darwaza, Fatehpur Sikri.

Artist: Anonymous

Medium: Watercolour

Date: 1800

Shelfmark: Add.Or.1133

Item number: 1133

Genre: Drawing

Watercolour of the exterior of the Jami' Masjid with the Buland Darwaza in Fatehpur Sikri, Uttar Pradesh. The palace-city complex at Fatehpur Sikri was built by Akbar (r.1556-1605), the third Mughal ruler of India, between 1571 and 1585. The Buland Darwaza is set into the south wall of the Jami Masjid. This huge gate has two inscriptions in the archway, one of which reads: 'Jesus Son of Mary (on whom be peace) said: The world is a bridge, pass over it, but build no houses on it. He who hopes for an hour may hope for eternity. The world endures but an hour. Spend it in prayer, for the rest is unseen.' The gate is approached by a flight of steps and crowned with a series of domed kiosks or 'chhatris'. It was probably built to commemorate Akbar's conquest of Gujarat in 1573.

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