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Exterior and interior views of the Siva temple on the Ganga ghat at Mathura

Exterior and interior views of the Siva temple on the Ganga ghat at Mathura

Artist: Sita Ram (fl. c.1810-1822)

Medium: Watercolour

Date: 1815

Shelfmark: Add.Or.4847

Item number: 4847

Length: 36.2

Width: 51.5

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Drawing

Views of the Siva temple in Mathura from 'Views by Seeta Ram from Tughlikabad to Secundra Vol. VIII' produced for Lord Moira, afterwards the Marquess of Hastings, by Sita Ram between 1814-15. Marquess of Hastings, the Governor-General of Bengal and the Commander-in-Chief (r. 1813-23), was accompanied by artist Sita Ram (flourished c.1810-22) to illustrate his journey from Calcutta to Delhi between 1814-15.

Idealised view of the exterior and interior of the Siva temple on the Ganga ghat at Mathura. Mathura, on the banks of the river Yamuna 150 kms south of Delhi, is a sacred city for Hindus. Established as far back as 600 BC, it was famous as an important city of the Kushana empire in the 1st century AD. Mathura became a centre for the Vaishnava cult by the 15th century and it is celebrated now above all as the site which Hindu mythology designates as the birthplace of Krishna, the popular incarnation of Vishnu. Inscribed below: 'Suvallah of Gunga at Muttra'; and 'Gunga Takoor at Muttra', with a contemporary pencil inscription on the drawing paper beneath the latter drawing: 'Gunga Takoorauny at Muttoora.'

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