East face of the palace of the Red Fort Delhi (top right), The Musamman Burj (bottom right)
Author: Metcalfe, Sir Thomas Theophilus (1795-1853)
Medium: Ink and colours on paper
[From 'Reminiscences of Imperial Delhi’, an album consisting of 89 folios containing approximately 130 paintings of views of the Mughal and pre-Mughal monuments of Delhi, as well as other contemporary material, with an accompanying manuscript text written by Sir Thomas Theophilus Metcalfe (1795-1853), the Governor-General’s Agent at the imperial court. Acquired with the assistance of the Heritage Lottery Fund and of the National Art-Collections Fund.]
The following are two views of the Palace at Dehly from the River or East Side. The first includes the whole length of line from the Shah Boorj or Royal Tower on the right to the Ussud Boorj on the left. Ussud literally signifies a lion but as tradition does not in any way connect this animal with the building in question, the latter may be properly denominated the Tower of Strength.
In the second are shown a portion of the Dewan e Khafs or Hall of Audience on the right. The Summun Boorj or Octagon Tower in the centre, a very favorite apartment of the present King and in which all interviews with the agent of a strictly Private nature are held. On the left, the female apartments.
[East face of the palace of the Red Fort Delhi.]
Inscribed below with the names of the buildings: shah burj; moti mahal; asad burj; and naqsh-i rukar-i qil’a-i Dar al-Khalafa-i Shajahanabad az-taraf-i. ‘amal-i Mazhar ‘Ali Khan.
[Closer view of the Musamman Burj. The Musamman Burj is part of the Khas Mahal, the private chambers of the emperor in the Palace of the Red Fort. Musamman Burj is a semi-octagonal tower, with marble screens on four sides and a jharokha in the centre, where the emperor appeared every morning before his subjects. The balcony projecting from the centre, was constructed by Akbar II (r.1806-37) in 1808-09, according to an inscription under the arches.]