Fortress of Ludhiana
Watercolour of a view of the Fortress of Ludhiana in Punjab, by an anonymous artist working in the Delhi style, c. 1825. Inscribed on the front in Persian characters: 'Naqshah i qil'ah i Ludhiyanah' (Picture of the fortress of Ludhiana); on the back in English: 'The Fort of Loodianah.'
Ludhiana stands on the Grand Trunk Road that connects Delhi and Amritsar. The fort lies to the northwest of the city and its main attraction is the shrine of Pir-i-Dastgir (Abdul Kadir Galani). Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the first Sikh ruler of the Punjab, occupied Ludhiana in 1805 and the city became an important British cantonment. However, in 1809 the British decided to curb Ranjit Singh's territorial control and troops were sent to confront him. He was forced to sign a treaty with the British which confined his activities to the right bank of the Sutlej River and British troops were permanently placed in Ludhiana.