Hill House, Bhagalpur
Watercolour of a Hill House in Bhagalpur, Bihar, by an anonymous artist working in the Murshidabad style, part of the Hyde Collection, c. 1790-1800. Inscribed on the back in pencil: 'View of the Residents House at Bhaugulpore'.
The East India Company was founded in 1600 and in the 17th and 18th centuries it became one of the most powerful trading companies in the world. Its influence on Indian culture was far-reaching. Company painting first emerged in Murshidabad in the second half of the 18th century. It is a style of miniature painting that developed in response to the tastes and influences of the British serving with the East India Company. The style subsequently spread to other British centres, the most notable being Patna, Benares (Varanasi), Delhi and Lucknow. Bhagalpur was built along the Ganges river in North East Bihar and is now noted for its silk, fabric weaving, rice and sugar milling.