Interior of the Khass Mahal, Agra Fort
Artist: Latif (fl..1820s)
Watercolour of the interior of the private apartments in the Agra Fort by Latif, part of the Bax Collection, c. 1820-1822. Inscribed on the front in English: 'Interior of the private Hall of Audience at Agra'; in Persian characters: 'Saqaf i andarun i khass mahall i qil'ah i Akbarabad 'amal i Latif' (The ceiling inside the private apartments in the Fort of Agra. The work of Latif.)
The Khas Mahal (private pavilion), part of the Fort-Palace Complex at Agra, was built in 1636 and stands on a terrace in between the River Jumna and a formal garden. There are two pavilions on either side of the Khas Mahal with 'bangla' roofs, a design resembling the curved thatched roofed huts of Bengal. The large quadrangle facing the Khas Mahal is the Anguri Bagh which was laid out in geometric flowerbeds and terraced walks radiationg from a central stone platform.
This massive fort is 2.5 kms long and the walls are 20 feet high. It is the predecessor of the Red Fort at Shahjahanabad.