Jami Masjid, Delhi 1806
Artist: Latif (fl..1820s)
Watercolour of Jami' Masjid in Delhi by Latif, an artist working in the Agra style, c. 1820-1822. Inscribed on the front in English: 'Jumna Musjid or Grand Mosque of Delhi'; in Persian characters:' Jami' masjid dar Shahjahanabad 'amal i Latif' (Jama Masjid of Shahjahanabad. The work of Latif).
The Jami Masjid is the largest mosque in India with its courtyard measuring 300 ft. It stands on a natural outcrop of rock which dominates the city and took 5,000 workmen six years to build. It functions as a congregational, Friday (Jami) mosque. The mosque is on the western edge of the courtyard and steep flights of stairs lead to the three huge gateways on the other sides. The façade screen of the mosque is faced in red sandstone with extensive white marble trim. It contains eleven arches, the central one being an extremely large iwan. A tall minaret stands at each end of the screen. Three bulbous white domes cover the mosque, each decorated with thin vertical black stripes. A water tank at the center of the courtyard allows members of the congregation to wash before prayers.