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Mausoleum of Akbar, Sikandra.

Mausoleum of Akbar, Sikandra.

Artist: Anonymous

Medium: Watercolour

Date: 1830

Shelfmark: Add.Or.991

Item number: 991

Length: 46

Width: 66.3

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Drawing

Watercolour of the Mausoleum of Akbar in Sikandra, by a Delhi or Agra artist, c.1830. mausoleum of Mughal Emperor Akbar (r.1556-1605) at Sikandra. Dated inscriptions show that the tomb was completed by Akbar's son Jahangir (r.1605-27) in 1614. It is set in a vast square garden of the 'chahar bagh' plan, a formal garden divided into quarters by red sandstone causeways containing water channels, interspersed with fountains and ponds. The main entrance is on the south and ornamental false gateways on the other three sides lend symmetry. The monumental main gateway, in a hybrid style of Persian and Hindu elements, is of red sandstone with inlaid and mosaic patterns of floral and geometric shapes. It has four white marble minarets at the corners of its roof divided into three storeys by balconies and topped with domed pavilions. The north and south faces of the gate have recessed arches within the rectangular frame and inscription bands around the entrance. Inscribed below, 'Acbar's Tomb at Secundra.' Inscribed on the front in Persian characters: 'Sikandrah maqbarah i Akbar badshah du kuruh mufasilah az qil'ah i Agrah. bist u du' (Sikandra: mausoleum of the Emperor Akbar, two leagues distant from the Agra fort. No.22.)

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