Mosque of Wazir Khan, Lahore 1463
Watercolour of the mosque of Wazir Khan in Lahore, Pakistan, by an anonymous artist working in the Punjab style, c. 1860. Inscribed in Persian characters: 'Masjid i Wazir Khan.'
The mosque depicted here was built in 1634 by Hakim Ilmud Din, popularly known as Wazir Khan and Viceroy of Punjab during the reign of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. This period is characterised by great architectural innovations in Lahore, generated by the prosperity of the Mughal Empire. The walls of the Wazir Khan mosque are covered with mosaics made of glazed pottery and tiles. Inside the mosque, panels displaying verses from the Koran are the main decor. The four octagonal minarets are a distinctive feature, and this mosque is one of earliest to use this type.