Mausoleums of Ranjit Singh, Kharak Singh and Nau Nihal Singh, Lahore
Watercolour of the mausoleum of Ranjit Singh, Kharak Singh and Nau Nihal Singh in Lahore, by an anonymous artist working in the Punjab style, c. 1860. Inscribed in Persian characters: 'Samadh Maharajah Ranjit Singh.'
After the death of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in 1707, Lahore went through a turbulent power struggle that finally culminated in 1799 when Ranjit Singh captured the city for the Sikhs. Ranjit Singh (ruled 1799-1839) became the first Sikh ruler of the Punjab at Lahore. He is remembered for the architectural additions that were made to the city in his reign and as the unifier of Sikh Punjab. Following Ranjit Singh's death in 1839, the struggle for control over the Sikh kingdoms was between the Sikh aristocracy and the British. The first successor to Ranjit Singh was Kharak Singh followed by his son, Nau Nihal Singh, but by 1849 the city was officially in British control. All three of these prominent Sikh leaders are interred in the mausoleum seen in this drawing.