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Mausoleum of Salim Chishti in the Great Mosque, Fatehpur Sikri

Mausoleum of Salim Chishti in the Great Mosque, Fatehpur Sikri

Artist: Anonymous

Medium: Watercolour

Date: 1814

Shelfmark: Add.Or.1786

Item number: 1786

Length: 50

Width: 73

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Drawing

Watercolour by an anonymous artist of the Mausoleum of Salim Chishti in the courtyard of the Great Mosque at Fatehpur Sikri in Uttar Pradesh, dated between 1808 and 1820. The image is inscribed on the front: 'The Mausoleum of Sheikh Salim at Futtihpore Sikri 22 miles from Agra.' The sheet has an 1804 water-mark. The Mughal Emperor Akbar built his palace-city complex at Fatehpur Sikri on the site of Shaikh Salim's residence in honour of the saint's prediction of the birth of Akbar's heir, Prince Salim, who later became the emperor Jahangir. Shaikh Salim was a member of the Chishti order of Muslims saints or 'pirs'. Akbar would have consulted him on both religious and secular matters. The tomb is situated in the 'sahn' or courtyard of the congregational mosque, behind the impressive Buland Darwaza gateway. It is a single-storey building comprising a central square chamber with a surrounding covered passageway enclosed with carved pierced screens and an entrance to the south. In style the tomb is influenced by earlier mausolea in Gujarat of the sultanate period. The building is ornamented with white marble serpentine brackets supporting sloping eaves around the parapet and carved pierced screens of geometric design.

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