Mausoleum of Safdar Jang, Delhi 1810
Watercolour of the Mausoleum of Safdar Jang, Delhi, by an anonymous artist working in the Agra style, c. 1820-1822. Inscribed on the front in English: 'Tomb of Sufdurjung'; in Persian characters: 'Naqshah i maqbarah i Safdar Jang' (Picture of the tomb of Safdar Jang).
Nawab Safdar Jang (r.1739-53) was the governor of Awadh between 1739 and 1753, during the reign of the Mughal emperor Ahmad Shah (r. 1748-54). After he died, Safdar Jang's body was moved to Delhi where his son Nawab Shuja ud-Daula built a tomb in 1753-54 based on the model of the tomb of the Mughal emperor Humayun. The tomb is square in plan with engaged minarets at each corner. It is faced in red sandstone and surmounted by a bulbous white marble dome. The tomb sits at the centre of a 'chahar bagh', a garden divided into four sections by raised sandstone walkways and sunken water channels, with a monumental gateway to the south. This drawing shows the garden and water channel in front of the tomb, with British soldiers in the foreground.