Nawab Asaf al-Daula seated on a rug smoking a hookah and listening to a party of male musicians.
Watercolour of the Nawab Asaf al-Daula, the Nawab of Lucknow, by an anonymous artist working in the Murshidabad style, part of the Nuqent Collection, c. 1812. Inscribed on back in English in ink: 'Lukhnou Nawab Asoofooddoala'; in' nagari' characters: 'Luknau asaf-ud-daula navab.'
Nawab Asaf ud-Daula was the Nawab of Awadh from 1775-1797. In 1784 he requested architect Kifayat-ullah to construct the Great Imambara, a hall with the express purpose of celebrating the Muslim festival of Muharram in commemoration of the imams Ali, Hasan, and Hussein. In this drawing he is seen in that hall, seated on a rug smoking a hookah and listening to a party of male musicians. He is surrounded by a group of courtiers and attendants.