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'The Purana Qila from the north, with Humayun's tomb beyond

'The Purana Qila from the north, with Humayun's tomb beyond

Artist: Sita Ram (fl. c.1810-1822)

Medium: Watercolour

Date: 1815

Shelfmark: Add.Or.4825

Item number: 4825

Length: 37.5

Width: 52

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Drawing

Watercolour of Purana Qila from 'Views by Seeta Ram from Delhi to Tughlikabad Vol. VII' produced for Lord Moira, afterwards the Marquess of Hastings, by Sita Ram between 1814-15. Marquess of Hastings, the Governor-General of Bengal and the Commander-in-Chief (r.1813-23), was accompanied by artist Sita Ram (flourished c.1810-22) to illustrate his journey from Calcutta to Delhi between 1814-15.

Idealised view of the Purana Qila (1530-45) from the north, with Humayun's tomb beyond, and an elephant and bullock cart in the foreground. Located along the Jumna river in east Delhi, Purana Qila's construction was commenced by Mughal Emperor Humayun (r.1530-56). As Humayun was temporarily deposed, the Afghan Sultan Sher Shar Sur (r.1540-55) completed construction of the fort. Humayun tomb was constructed c.1565 by his widow Haji Begum. The architectural style incorporated Persian and Mughal styles which later influenced the building of the Taj Mahal in Agra with similar features including a central bayed arch, a raised dome, and the use of chatris or pavilions. The tomb is located within a charbagh, a four-fold garden. Inscribed below:' Old Fort at Delhi.'

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