Tombs of Abu 'Ali Qalandar and Nawab Muqarrab Khan at Panipat, near Delhi
Watercolour of the tombs of Abu 'Ali Qalandar and Nawab Muqarrab Khan at Panipat in Haryana, near Delhi, by an anonymous artist working in the Delhi style, c. 1820-25. The image is inscribed on the front in Persian characters: 'Naqshah i dargah i hadrat Shah Sharaf Bu 'Ali Qalandar dar Panipat' (Picture of the shrine of Shah Sharaf Bu 'Ali Qalandar at Panipat); 'Burj i Nauwab Muqarrab Khan' (Tower of Nawab Muqarrab Khan); and on the back in English: 1. 'The Tomb of Bolie Kulander, Panieputt. The Tomb of Nowab Mukerub Khan.'
Panipat is a town in the state of Haryana, North West India, located on the Western Yamuna Canal. It is on a plain astride an important route linking Afghanistan to central India, and as a result, has been the location of several battles. In 1526, Babur defeated the Delhi Sultanate in Panipat, effectively paving the way for the formation of the Mughal Empire. In 1556, Akbar defeated the Afghans at the same spot, securing Mughal rule, and in 1761, Panipat was the site of an Afghan victory over the Marathas. This image the 14th century domed tomb of Abu 'Ali Qalandar, with its late Mughal portico and entrance screen, and the adjacent tomb of Nawab Muqarrab Khan (d.1646). Groups of people are shown standing or talking in the courtyard.