The Golden Mosque of Bahadur 'Ali Khan, Delhi
Watercolour drawing of the Golden Mosque of Bahadur 'Ali Khan in Delhi, by an anonymous artist working in the Delhi style, c. 1820-1825. Inscribed on the front in Persian characters: 'Naqshah i masjid i tila i Nauwab Bahadur 'Ali Khan' (Picture of the golden mosque of Nawab Bahadur Ali Khan).
The East India Company was founded in 1600 and in the 17th and 18th centuries it became one of the most powerful trading companies in the world. Its influence on Indian culture was far-reaching. Company painting first emerged in Murshidabad in the second half of the 18th century. It is a style of miniature painting that developed in response to the tastes and influences of the British serving with the East India Company. The style subsequently spread to other British centres, the most notable being Patna, Benares (Varanasi), Delhi and Lucknow. This is an example of the Delhi style of Company painting, where the mosque is represented with a courtyard and a figure in the foreground.