The mausoleum of Akbar at Sikandra, shown both in plan and in elevation
Gouache painting of the mausoleum of Akbar at Sikandra, by an anonymous artist working in the Rajasthan/Jaipur style, c. 1780-1800. Inscribed in Persian at the top: 'rauza-i Akbar padshah kih vaqi ast dar Sikandara' (tomb of the Emperor Akbar at Sikandra).
This painting shows the tomb in both plan and elevation from a bird's eye view, with little figures of sweepers, gardeners and passers-by on the road outside the complex. Dated inscriptions show that the tomb was completed by Akbar's son Jahangir (r.1605-27) in 1614. It is set in a vast square garden of the 'chahar bagh' plan, a formal garden divided into four sections by red sandstone causeways containing water channels, interspersed with fountains and ponds. The main entrance is on the south and ornamental false gateways are on the other three sides to create symmetry. The monumental main gateway, in a hybrid style that includes Persian and Hindu elements, is of red sandstone with inlay mosaic patterns of floral and geometric shapes. It has four white marble minarets at the corners of its roof and is divided into three storeys by balconies and topped with domed pavilions.