The sculpture of the Buddha with an earth-touching gesture known as the Matha-Kuar at Kasia.
Artist: Ramnarayan Bhagat (fl. c.1880)
Medium: Pencil and ink on paper
Drawing of the sculpture of the Buddha at Kushinagar, also known as Kasia, by Ramnarayan Bhagat, c. 1880. Inscribed in ink below: 'Mahatha Kooar [Mata Kunwar] Drawn by Ramnarayan Bhaggat Drawftman Survey.' In pencil below:' Nor. 6. feet 11 inch 6 Lg. feet 5 inch 6 Bt..'
Kushinagar is believed to be the town where Buddha died, commemorated by a brick cremation stupa and the statue of a reclining figure in the Mahaparinirvana Temple. The Buddha in this drawing is shown in the Bhumisparsha mudra, meaning 'touching the earth'. This mudra (position) symbolises the moment when Buddha attained enlightenment under the Bodhi tree. By touching the earth he was calling the earth goddess, Sthavara, to bear witness to the event.