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The Rumi Darwaza from the north-west

The Rumi Darwaza from the north-west

Artist: Sita Ram (fl. c.1810-1822)

Medium: Watercolour

Date: 1814

Shelfmark: Add.Or.4755

Item number: 4755

Length: 50

Width: 38

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Drawing

Watercolour of Rumi Darwaza in Lucknow from 'Views by Seeta Ram from Cawnpore to Mohumdy Vol. IV' produced for Lord Moira, afterwards the Marquess of Hastings, by Sita Ram between 1814-15. Marquess of Hastings, the Governor-General of Bengal and the Commander-in-Chief (r. 1813-23), was accompanied by artist Sita Ram (flourished c.1810-22) to illustrate his journey from Calcutta to Delhi between 1814-15.

Nawab Asaf ud-Daula of Awadh (r.1775-97), requested architect Kifayat-ullah in 1784 to construct the Great Imambara, for the purpose of celebrating the Muslim festival of Muharram in commemoration of the imams Ali, Hasan, and Hussein. Subsequently, the imambara was used as a mausoleum for Asaf ud-Daula upon his death in 1797. The Rumi Darwaza, also known as the Turkish Gate, was designed as the north-western entrance to the Great Imambara complex. Rumi Darwaza's facade on the west side, as seen here, is quite elaborate and is dominated by a colossal cuspated arch and is topped with a cupola. Visible on the left side is the Asafi Masjid. Inscribed below: 'West front of the Roma Durwauzeh.'

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