The channel of 'Ali Mardan Khan's canal at Karnal, with the encampment of the Raja of Patiala, Punjab on either side of it
Artist: Sita Ram (fl. c.1810-1822)
Watercolour of the canal of Ali Mardan Khan at Karnal from 'Views by Seeta Ram from Mohumdy to Gheen Vol. V' produced for Lord Moira, afterwards the Marquess of Hastings, by Sita Ram between 1814-15. Marquess of Hastings, the Governor-General of Bengal and the Commander-in-Chief (r. 1813-23), was accompanied by artist Sita Ram (flourished c.1810-22) to illustrate his journey from Calcutta to Delhi between 1814-15.
Karnal, is believed to be founded and named after Karna, a rival of Arjuna in the epic Mahabarata. Karnal is also important in Mughal history, as the site of the scene of Emperor Muhammad Shah's defeat by the Persian invader Nadir Shah in 1739. In 1805, the Britsh took over Karnal and constructed a cantonment, which they occupied until 1841. View of the channel of 'Ali Mardan Khan's canal at Karnal, with the encampment of the Raja of Patiala on either side of it. Inscribed below: 'Rajah of Putteala's Camp at Kurnaul and Channel of the ancient Canal of Ali Mardan Khan.'