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The courtyard of the Great Mosque at Fathpur Sikri, with Lord Hastings and his entourage being shown the sights

The courtyard of the Great Mosque at Fathpur Sikri, with Lord Hastings and his entourage being shown the sights

Artist: Sita Ram (fl. c.1810-1822)

Medium: Watercolour

Date: 1815

Shelfmark: Add.Or.4851

Item number: 4851

Length: 40.7

Width: 57

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Drawing

View of the Jami Masjid's courtyard in Fatehpur Sikri from 'Views by Seeta Ram from Tughlikabad to Secundra Vol. VIII' produced for Lord Moira, afterwards the Marquess of Hastings, by Sita Ram between 1814-15. Marquess of Hastings, the Governor-General of Bengal and the Commander-in-Chief (r.1813-23), was accompanied by artist Sita Ram (flourished c.1810-22) to illustrate his journey from Calcutta to Delhi between 1814-15.

The courtyard of the Great Mosque at Fathpur Sikri, with Lord Hastings and his entourage being shown the sights. Idealised view of the courtyard of the Jami Masjid or Friday Mosque looking west, including the Buland Darwaza (left), the tomb of Shaikh Salim Chishti (upper right) and the tomb of Islam Khan (lower right). The Jami Masjid, the principal congregational mosque, is within the palace-city complex of Fatehpur Sikri. The Mughal Emperor Akbar (r.1556-1605) choose this location in order to be close to Shaikh Salim's refuge as he had successfully prophesied the birth of Akbar's heir, Prince Salim (Jehangir). The Jami Masjid (Dargah Mosque), completed in 1572, took five years to build and was dedicated to the saint who died at around the same time. The delicate lattice screens and serpentine eave-supporting brackets on the saint's tomb are some of the finest carved marble decorations in India. These were inspired by those on the Stonecutter's Mosque, built in 1565, for Shaikh Salim in his complex near the city. The tomb of Islam Khan is located east to the tomb of Shaikh Salim Chishti and surrounded by a red sandstone perforated screen and covered with a single large dome and thirty-six smaller domed kiosks.

Inscribed below: 'Shaw Selim Cheestee's Tomb at Futtipoor Seecree.'

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