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The Krishna temple at Patan

The Krishna temple at Patan

Artist: Anonymous

Medium: Watercolour

Date: 1845

Shelfmark: Add.Or.5246

Item number: 5246

Length: 26.5

Width: 42.2

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Drawing

Watercolour drawing of the Krishna temple at Lalitpur (Patan) in Nepal, by an anonymous artist working in the Nepalese school, c. 1843-1846. The image, set within a black frame, is inscribed on the front in pencil: 'No. 14. Temple at Patan. Krishna Deo.' The original pencil sketch for this drawing is in the Hodgson collection in the Royal Asiatic Society.

Lalitpur, the 'City of Beauty' was founded in the 2nd century by the Kirats and it remained a valley kingdom until the late 15th century when it became a sovereign state, together with Kathmandu and Bhaktapur. All three were built around Durbar Squares containing Palace and Temple complexes. The Krishna Mandir Temple was built in 1637 by Siddhi Narasingh Malla, who is said to have dreamt that Krishna and Radha, one of the incarnations of Vishnu and his consort, appeared in front of his palace and so he erected a temple on that spot. The interior is decorated with sculpted scenes of the Ramayana, a Hindu epic.

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