Waterfall on the Tons River, near Rewah, Bundelkhand
Watercolour of the waterfall on the Tons River, near Rewah, Bundelkhand in Madhya Pradesh, c. 1825. Inscribed on the back in ink: 'The Waterfall in the River Thonse near Rewah in Bundlecund above the Ghauts;' in pencil: 'Thonse Fall, Rewah, Bundelcund.'
There are three mountain ranges in Bundelkhand and beyond these ranges the area is marked with isolated hills that rise abruptly and are often topped with castles and forts from where the various rulers would defend the land. The principal rivers in the state are the Sind, Betwa, Urmal and Chandrawal and the earliest dynasty recorded to have ruled Bundelkhand were the Garhwas, in the early centuries AD. The Chandel Rajputs established power in Bundelkhand towards the close of the 10th century A.D. and it was in this dynasty that the state attained its greatest splendour. Subsequent generations brought political strife and the area was shuffled between the courts of Ajmer and Delhi, the Bundelas, the Marathas and finally the British. This drawing shows two men in the foreground with a pike and matchlock who appear to be contemplating the view.