River Hooghly and Gentoo Buildings
Artist and engraver: Daniell, Thomas (1749-1840)
Medium: Aquatint with etching, coloured
Coloured etching and aquatint of the River Hooghly and Hindu buildings in Calcutta by Thomas Daniell (1749-1840) no. 8 of his 'Views of Calcutta' published in 1788. The small sailing ship in the centre of the image is a 'pinnace-budgerow', of the type used by the Daniell Brothers themselves on their travels. These vessels had a long cabin running the length of the boat from the foremast to the stern, which could be divided into separate sections with the aid of partitions. To the left is a pleasure boat of the type owned by wealthy gentlemen, which were propelled along by twenty to forty rowers and decorated at the prow with animal heads; this one sports a horse's head. In the foreground on the right are two native bazras, small passenger vessels with roofed cabins used mostly for travelling along India's rivers. The houses and warehouses of the many wealthy Hindu merchants in the city may be seen here lining the banks of the Hooghly.