'Gate of Sultan Shah Hussein's tomb at Gour.' From 'Views at Gaur', six aquatints by James Moffat after Henry Creighton, published by Moffat in Calcutta 1808.
Artist and engraver: Moffat, James (1775-1815)
Medium: Aquatint, coloured
Coloured aquatint with etching by James Moffat after Henry Creighton, of the gate of Sultan Shah Hussein's tomb at Gaur, dated 1808.
The ruined city of Gaur is located on the India-Bangladesh border in the Malda district of Bengal. The city was the ancient capital of Bengal, a seat of the Budddhist Pala dynasty from the 8th century and later the Hindu Sena dynasty from the 12th century. The Hindu kings were overcome by the Delhi Sultanate in the early 13th century and Gaur became the capital of the Sultans of Bengal from 1211 to 1354 and again from 1442 to 1576, and together with neighbouring Pandua a centre of provincial Islamic culture until its abandonment in the late 16th century. The gateway and tomb of the early sixteenth-century ruler Sultan Hussein Shah, depicted in this view, no longer exist. They stood near the fortified palace area of the city. As shown in the drawing, they were built in the traditional Bengali style. The brick gateway is dressed with terracotta decorated with patterns in relief and the arched entrance is enlivened with rosettes motifs. Through the entrance, the building of the tomb, with its narrow pointed arched facade, can be seen in the background.