'Doomar Leyna, Junwassa'. Engraving by Thomas Daniell after James Wales from [Plans of] Hindoo Excavations in the mountain of Ellora, published T Daniell, London, 1803
Artist: Daniell, Thomas (1749-1840)
Plan of Dhumar Lena and Junwassa caves at Ellora engraved by Thomas Daniell after the drawings of James Wales and part of '[Plans of] Hindoo Excavations in the mountain of Ellora' published by Thomas Daniell in London in 1803.
Ellora is famous for its series of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain cave temples excavated into the rocky façade of a basalt cliff under the patronage of the Kalachuri, the Chalukya and the Rashtrakuta dynasties between the 6th and the 9th centuries. Dhumar Lena is one of the earliest caves of the Hindu series at Ellora and dates from the Kalachuri period in the early 6th Century, as denoted by the similarity between its columns and those at the Elephanta cave. Two sculptures of lions guard the south entrance and large-scale sculpted wall panels on the sides represent Shaivite myths. This cave at Ellora in the Hindu sequence shows part-fluted columns of the type found in Elephanta, with tall square bases and squashed cushion capitals, and is similarly datable to the 6th century. Two guardian figures or dwarapalas are sculpted on the sides of the entrance.