Une rue de Lahore (Mars 1842).
Lithographer: Rudder, L.H. de (1807-1881)
Lithograph of a street in Lahore in Pakistan with Sikh nobles on elephants passing onlookers on balconies by L.H. de Rudder (1807-1881) after an original drawing of March 1842 by Prince Aleksandr Mikhailovich Saltuikov and published in 1848.
After the death of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in 1707, Lahore went through a turbulent power struggle that finally culminated in 1799 when Ranjit Singh captured the city for the Sikhs. Ranjit Singh (ruled 1799-1839) became the first Sikh ruler of the Punjab at Lahore. He is remembered for the architectural additions that were made to the city in his reign and as the unifier of Sikh Punjab. Following Ranjit Singh's death in 1839, the struggle for control over the Sikh kingdoms was between the Sikh aristocracy and the British. The first successor to Ranjit Singh was Kharak Singh followed by his son, Nau Nihal Singh, but by 1849 the city was officially in British control. Since Independence from the British in 1947, Lahore has expanded rapidly as the capital of Pakistani Punjab. It is the second-largest city in the country and an important industrial center.