'A View of the City of Tanjour taken from a Bastion in the Little Fort'. Engraving by B. Henry, 1776. . Published by A Dalrymple, 1778.
Artist: Henry, B. (fl.1770s)
Engraving by B.Henry of the view of Thanjore from the bastions of the little fort, published by A. Dalrymple in 1778.
Thanjavur was established as the capital of the Chola rulers in the 9th-12th centuries; it later became a Nayaka stronghold in the 16th-17th centuries and was also used by the Marathas in the 18th century. The great Brihadishvara Temple, seen in the background in this view, was built around 1010 by the Chola ruler Rajaraja I (c.985-1012) century and is one of the great achievements of the Chola era. The Archaeological Survey Department of the Southern Circle, Madras, for the year 1912-1913 reports, "The erection of both the small and the large forts at Tanjore has been ascribed to the Nayak dynasty, that of the smaller to the first Nayak, Sevappa...The smaller fort lies to the south-west of the larger one and ...consists of two lines of fortifications faced by a deep moat... The first line is an escarpment protected above by loop-holed brick parapet wall. The second line consists of massive ramparts with embrasures for modern guns all round. Between these two lines of fortifications is a roadway which extends almost all round the fort..." from where visitors can have "...the pleasure of a walk round the ramparts and enjoy the many fine views of the great temple and town which can be obtained from this elevated position."