'Gate of Sultan Shah Hussein's tomb at Gour'. Aquatint, drawn and engraved by James Moffat after Henry Creighton. Published Calcutta. Undated.
Artist and engraver: Moffat, James (1775-1815)
Medium: Aquatint with etching
Aquatint with etching by James Moffat after Henry Creighton, of the gate of Sultan Shah Hussein's tomb at Gaur, dated 1808.
The ruined city of Gaur is located on the India-Bangladesh border in the Malda district of West Bengal. The city was the ancient capital of Bengal, a seat of the Budddhist Pala dynasty from the eighth century and later the Hindu Sena dynasty from the twelfth century. The Hindu kings were overcome by the Delhi Sultanate in the early thirteenth century and Gaur became the capital of the Sultans of Bengal from 1211 to 1354 and again from 1442 to 1576. Together with neighbouring Pandua, Gaur was a centre of provincial Islamic culture until its abandonment in the late 16th century. The gateway and tomb of the sixteenth-century ruler Sultan Hussain Shah, depicted in this view, no longer exist. They stood near the fortified palace area. They are built in the traditional Bengali style of the area. The brick gateway is dressed with terracotta panels decorated with patterns in relief including rosettes motifs around the arched entrance. The tomb itself, with its narrow pointed arched facade, can be seen through the gateway in the background.