View of the Hoally Gateway, where Tipu Sultan was killed, Seringapatam (Mysore)
Artist: Sydenham, Thomas (1780-1816)
Watercolour of a view of Hoally Gateway in Seringapatam by Thomas Sydenham (1780-1816) c.1799. Inscribed on the front in ink: 'View of the Hoally Gateway in which Tippoo Sultaun was killed. T. Sydenham'; on the back in ink: 'No. 7. The Hoally Gateway (or Diddy) is situated on the North face of Seringapatam a short distance from the N.E. Angle of the Palace, and about 300 yards from the N.E. Angle of the Fort. It was built about 5 years ago, and is only worthy of notice as being that part where Tippoo Sultaun was killed.'
Seringapatam, situated close to Mysore, is an island fortress surrounded Kaveri River. The name of the town is thought to derive from the 9th century Hindu temple on the island, Sri Ranganatha. In the late 18th century, the Mysore rulers Haidar Ali (r.1761-1782) and his son Tipu Sultan (r.1782-1799) fought numerous wars against the British over the control of Southern India. Seringapatam was the site of the two most famous sieges in this conflict in 1792 and 1799.