f.25 'Vizagapatam, 1795. Captn J.T. Blunt, B.E.fecit.' Seashore with fort.
Artist: Blunt, James Tillyer (1765-1834)
Medium: Watercolour with pen and ink
Pen-and-ink and water-colour drawing of Visakhapatnam by James Tillyer Blunt (1765-1834) in 1795. Blunt was employed on survey work with the Bengal Engineers from 1783 to 1810. This is one of 31 drawings (29 folios) of landscapes in Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa, Madras and Mysore taken between 1788 and 1800.
Visakhapatnam, located on the east coast of India in Andhra Pradesh commands a spectacular position between the Eastern Ghats and the sea. Built around a fine natural harbour it was originally a small fishing village in the Kalinga Empire. Visakhapatnam was subjected to the rule of several different dynasties from the Andhra Kings of Vengi to the Pallavas, Cholas and Gangas until, in the 15th century, it became a part of the Vijaya Nagar Empire. A British factory was established here in 1683 which was taken by French 1757 and recaptured the following year. Each of the three rocky hills that surround the town are of significance to different religions, on the Venkateswa Konda is the Hindu Venkateswara Temple, the Darga Konda boasts a Muslim mausoleum and the highest, Ross Hill has a Roman Catholic church.