Near Scindia's camp, Mathura (U.P.), showing the mosque of Aurangzib built over the site of the temple marking Krishna's birthplace.. 2 February 1789
Artist: Daniell, Thomas (1749-1840)
Medium: Pencil on paper
Pencil and wash drawing of a scene at Mathura by Thomas (1749-1840) and William (1769-1837) Daniell, 2 February 1789. Inscribed on the front in pencil is: '19'; on the back in ink: 'Nr 101. Near Scindia's Camp. Muttra'; in pencil: 'near Mutura. The Mosque with three Domes built by Aurungzebe on the site of a Hindoo temple. No.42.'
Mathura is situated on the west bank of the Yamuna River in Uttar Pradesh and dates back to 600 BC. It is regarded as one of the most sacred cities in India as the birthplace of Lord Krishna and an important place of pilgrimage, attracting thousands of devotees throughout the year. The area surrounding the city is imbued with sanctity as it was the childhood home of Krishna. The strategic location of the city has ensured that it has been a centre of trade and a meeting point of cultures for hundreds of years. Ptolemy mentioned the town and it became a capital city of the Kushan Empire during the first to second centuries. The town was an important Buddhist centre in the 7th century, however it was later sacked by Mahmud of Ghazni (1017), Sikander Lodi (1500), and the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. Jats and Marathas fought over the city as the Mughal Empire declined. At the beginning of the 19th century it came under British control.