View of the River Gumti near Jaunpur (U.P.). 1 December 1789
Artist: Daniell, Thomas (1749-1840)
Medium: Pencil on paper
Pencil and wash drawing by Thomas and William Daniell, of a view of the River Gumti near Jaunpur in Uttar Pradesh made during a visit to Jaunpur from the 26 November to the 14 December 1789. Inscribed on front in pencil: '21'; on back in ink: 'Nr 60. Above the bridge Jaunpur on the Goomty'; in pencil: 'No 24. Near Jaunpore - Goomty.'
The city of Jaunpur on the river Gumti was the capital of an independent sultanate ruled by the Sharqi dynasty from 1397 and an important centre of provincial Islamic architectural style. The city was sacked by Sikander Shah Lodi in the final decade of the fifteenth century when all major buildings, save the city's mosques, were destroyed by the zealous invader. The city was later taken by the Mughal emperor Akbar (r. 1556-1605). In the Journal that the young William Daniell kept we read on 26 November 1789, "Arrived at Jaunpore at 6 am dist. from Benares 18 Koass. Breakfasted in the patilla Boat that was sent from Benares some days ago & which arrived at Jaunpore Yesterday - Abt 9 o C. set out & visited the Fort, Mosques, & other buildings of note."