f.3' Citadel of Bejapoor. Plan.'
Artist: Boyd, George (1800-1850)
Medium: Pen and ink on paper
Pen-and-ink plan of Bijapur by George Boyd (1800-1850) dated between 1821 and 1844. This is one of 95 drawings (90 folios), chiefly of landscapes and monuments in the Deccan, West India and Afghanistan.
Originally named Vijayapura, or the ‘City of Victory’, Bijapur was established during the reign of the Chalukyan dynasty of Kalyani between the 10th and 11th centuries. It was later the capital of the Adil Shahi dynasty in the 15th century and experienced a great burst of architectural activity. The walls are 10 kilometres, or over 6 miles, in circumference and enclose the city together with the moat which is 50 feet wide. There are five main gateways within the walls all protected by bastions and covered approaches.