Pagoda & Tank
Draughtsman: Smith, Robert (1787-1873)
Medium: Pencil on paper
Pencil drawing of a temple and tank at Bhiwani in northern India by Robert Smith (1787-1873) dating to 1812. This is one of 29 drawings (29 folios) of landscapes and architecture in the Punjab and Uttar Pradesh of 1812 and 1813. Inscribed on the original cover is: 'No. 4. Rewarry & Seik Country: Siharunpoor & Hurdwar. Lines of March etc.'; on the inside of the cover is: 'Drawn by Col Smith. R.E. Owner of the extensive round house at Paignton, Devon. Book of Sketches sold by auction at the above house - 4 of the books purchased by me. J. Pethwick. The Colonel was splendid as a draftsman, but the worst possible as a painter.' The drawings are inscribed with titles in pencil.
Bhiwani in Haryana was a small village when in 1817 it was selected by the British as the site of a free market. It rapidly rose to great commercial importance and became a centre of trade with Rajputana particularly in wheat, flour, salt, sugar, cotton goods and iron.