Rajah's House & Part of the Town of Jheend
Draughtsman: Smith, Robert (1787-1873)
Medium: Pencil on paper
Pencil drawing of the town of Jind by Robert Smith (1787-1873) in 1813. This is one of 29 drawings (29 folios) of landscapes and architecture in the Punjab and Uttar Pradesh dated to 1812 and 1813. Inscribed on the original cover is: 'No. 4. Rewarry & Seik Country: Siharunpoor & Hurdwar. Lines of March etc.'; on the inside of the cover is: 'Drawn by Col Smith. R.E. Owner of the extensive round house at Paignton, Devon. Book of Sketches sold by auction at the above house - 4 of the books purchased by me. J. Pethwick. The Colonel was splendid as a draftsman, but the worst possible as a painter.' The drawings are inscribed with titles in pencil.
Jind is situated in Haryana in the northern part of India. Tradition assigns the foundation of the town to the Pandavas in the Mahabharata period. According to legend the Pandavas built a temple here to Jainti Devi, the goddess of victory, around which the town Jaintapuri, since corrupted into Jind, grew up. The town was seized by Gajpat Singh in 1755, the first Raja of Jind. In 1775 Rahim Dad Khan was sent by the Delhi government to capture the town but he was defeated and killed. His tomb and trophies of the victory are still preserved in the town. Many ancient temples and pilgrimage sites are located here.