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Part of Kunkul near Hardwar

Part of Kunkul near Hardwar

Draughtsman: Smith, Robert (1787-1873)

Medium: Pencil on paper

Date: 1813

Shelfmark: WD309

Item number: f.21

Length: 27

Width: 44.2

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Topographical Drawing

Pencil drawing of Kankhal in Uttar Pradesh by Robert Smith (1787-1873) in 1813. This is one of 29 drawings (29 folios) of landscapes and architecture in the Punjab and Uttar Pradesh dating to 1812 and 1813. Inscribed on the original cover is: 'No. 4. Rewarry & Seik Country: Siharunpoor & Hurdwar. Lines of March etc.'; on the inside of the cover is: 'Drawn by Col Smith. R.E. Owner of the extensive round house at Paignton, Devon. Book of Sketches sold by auction at the above house - 4 of the books purchased by me. J. Pethwick. The Colonel was splendid as a draftsman, but the worst possible as a painter.' The drawings are inscribed with titles in pencil.

The holy city of Kankhal is situated near to Haridwar in Uttar Pradesh. The temple of Dakseshwara at Kankhal has an important legend associated with it. At this place it is believed Shiva’s wife, Sati, burnt herself to death. Sati was given in marriage by her father King Daksa to Shiva. Daksa performed a yagya (major ceremonial sacrifice) but did not invite Shiva to the ceremony. Sati, feeling insulted, burnt herself to death in the 'yagya kund' at the ceremony. On hearing this, Shiva’s followers killed Daksa. Later Shiva restored Daksa to life giving him the head of a goat. Shiva carried Sati’s body and danced in grief whereupon the gods cut her corpse into pieces. At many of the places where parts of her body fell temples were established.

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