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Sacred Hindoo Trident. Opt Hurdwar

Sacred Hindoo Trident.  Opt Hurdwar

Draughtsman: Smith, Robert (1787-1873)

Medium: Pencil on paper

Date: 1813

Shelfmark: WD309

Item number: ff.24v-25

Length: 27

Width: 48

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Topographical Drawing

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Pencil drawing of a Hindu trident on a hill above the river at Haridwar by Robert Smith (1787-1873) dated to 1813. This is one of a series of 29 drawings (29 folios) of landscapes and architecture in the Punjab and Uttar Pradesh in 1812 and 1813. Inscribed on the original cover is: 'No. 4. Rewarry & Seik Country: Siharunpoor & Hurdwar. Lines of March etc.'; on the inside of the cover is: 'Drawn by Col Smith. R.E. Owner of the extensive round house at Paignton, Devon. Book of Sketches sold by auction at the above house - 4 of the books purchased by me. J. Pethwick. The Colonel was splendid as a draftsman, but the worst possible as a painter.' The drawings are inscribed with titles in pencil.

Haridwar is an ancient town located at the base of the Shiwalik Hills in the foothills of the Himalayas at the point where the River Ganges flows onto the plains of India. Haridwar (Vishnu’s Gate) is one of the seven holy cities of Hinduism and attracts many pilgrims who come to bathe in the waters here. The Hari-ki-Pairi is the main bathing ghat of the town and the spot where Vishnu is believed to have left his footprint. The Hindu trident is a traditional religious icon and an attribute of the deity Shiva. Followers of Shiva often carry a trident as a mark of their devotion.


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