Col. Grace's Bungalow. Cawnpore
Artist: Smith, Robert (1787-1873)
Medium: Pencil on paper
Pencil drawing of a bungalow at Kanpur by Robert Smith (1787-1873) in February 1813. This is one of 18 drawings (20 folios) of landscapes and architecture in Uttar Pradesh taken in 1813. Inscribed on the original album cover is: 'No. 5. Ganges, Soane R. Cawnpore Jaunpoor.' Captain Robert Smith was a military engineer with the East India Company and was in India from 1805 to 1833. He designed a number of buildings in India and also repaired various Indian monuments including the Kutb Minar and the Jami Masjid at Delhi. In 1813 to 1814 he was surveying on the Mirzapur South frontier.
Situated on the Ganga River in Uttar Pradesh, Kanpur was most of the most important garrison towns under the British occupation of India. It is famous for the tragic events which occurred here during the Indian Uprising of 1857. A group of rebels attacked the 400 strong British community and subjected them to an 18 day siege. An apparent truce was offered by the leader of the insurgents, Nana Sahib and the remaining hostages were allowed to escape via a boat downriver only to be attacked and killed at the Satichaura Ghat before they could do so. There were ferocious reprisals as the British exacted their revenge for this atrocity.