Munikpore. Old Fort
Artist: Smith, Robert (1787-1873)
Medium: Pencil on paper
Pencil drawing of Manikpur by Robert Smith (1787-1873) in February 1813. This is one of 18 drawings (20 folios) of landscapes and architecture in Uttar Pradesh taken in 1813. Inscribed on the original album cover is: 'No. 5. Ganges, Soane R. Cawnpore Jaunpoor.' Captain Robert Smith was a military engineer with the East India Company and was in India from 1805 to 1833. He designed a number of buildings in India and also repaired various Indian monuments including the Kutb Minar and the Jami Masjid at Delhi. In 1813 to 1814 he was surveying on the Mirzapur South frontier.
The ruined city of Manikpur is situated on the banks of the Ganga River near to Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh. Due to its strategic location it became the subject of bitter struggles for supremacy until it was finally conquered by Akbar. Manikpur became the court of the Muslim Emperors and under their rule the town reached the height of its prosperity. It began to decline following attacks by the Rohillas and Marathas in the 18th century and with the defeat of the Marathas became a part of the territory of the Nawabs of Oudh.