View of the Soane & Hills below Rotas
Artist: Smith, Robert (1787-1873)
Medium: Pencil on paper
Pencil drawing of the Soane (Son) River and hills below Rotas by Robert Smith (1787-1873) in April 1813. This is one of 18 drawings (20 folios) of landscapes and architecture in Uttar Pradesh taken in 1813. Inscribed on the original album cover is: 'No. 5. Ganges, Soane R. Cawnpore Jaunpoor.' Captain Robert Smith was a military engineer with the East India Company and was in India from 1805 to 1833. He designed a number of buildings in India and also repaired various Indian monuments including the Kutb Minar and the Jami Masjid at Delhi. In 1813 to 1814 he was surveying on the Mirzapur South frontier.
Uttar Pradesh in northern India is bordered by Bihar to the east, Madhya Pradesh to the south, Rajasthan, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh and Haryana to the west and Uttaranchal and Nepal in the north. The region has a rich variety of scenery encompassing open stretches of meadow, dense forests, snow-capped mountains and perennial rivers. The Son or Sone River flows from the Amarkantak highlands about 3500 ft. above sea-level north-west through many ranges of hills until it strikes the Kaimur Range, which constitutes the southern wall of the Gangetic plain. The Sone is the main tributary of the Ganga River along with the Yamuna