Old Fort, Palamow, from the new. Decr. 1813'
Artist: Smith, Robert (1787-1873)
Medium: Pencil on paper
Pencil drawing of the old Fort at Palamau, Bihar from the new by Robert Smith (1787-1873) dated December 1813. This is one of 27 drawings (28 folios) of views in Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh) and Sasaram, Hazaribagh and Palamau (Bihar) taken in 1813. Inscribed on the original cover is:' No. 1. Luknow. Hazaribagh. Palamow' 'etc.' Captain Robert Smith was a military engineer with the East India Company and was in India from 1805 to 1833. He designed a number of buildings in India and also repaired various Indian monuments including the Kutb Minar and the Jami Masjid at Delhi. In 1813 to 1814 he was surveying on the Mirzapur South frontier.
There are two large forts at Palamau said to have been built by the Adivasi kings of the Chero dynasty. Construction of the forts was begun by Raja Medhni Raj, the ruler of Chotanagpur, however they were completed by his son Pratap Raj while Medhni Raj was engaged with repelling invaders. The main fort has three main defences, the largest of which is named Singh Dwar or Lion Gate. The Nagpuri Gate bears two inscriptions in Sanskrit and Persian.