Dalmow. Octr. 1814.
Artist: Smith, Robert (1787-1873)
Medium: Pencil on paper
Pencil drawing of Dalmau by Robert Smith (1787-1873) in October 1814. This is one of 27 drawings (29 folios) of views made during a march from Benares (Varanasi) to Bareilly in Uttar Pradesh, probably en route for Almora in 1814. Inscribed on original cover is: 'No. XIII. Ganges & Luknow'. Captain Robert Smith was a military engineer with the East India Company. He was in India from 1805 to 1833. He designed a number of buildings in India and also repaired various Indian monuments including the Kutb Minar and the Jami Masjid at Delhi.
The village of Dalmau is situated on top of a steep cliff overlooking the river Ganga in Uttar Pradesh. It is possible that the town was one of many major ports along the river in ancient times as it was part of a key route from the Ganga plain to central India. Ibrahim Shah of Jaunpur assaulted and took the fort here from the Bhar Raja in the 14th century and Dalmau was of some importance under Jaunpur rule. Throughout the Mughal period it was enriched it with mosques and other buildings.