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Part of Janjmow. Oct. 1814.

Part of Janjmow. Oct. 1814.

Artist: Smith, Robert (1787-1873)

Medium: Pencil on paper

Date: 1814

Shelfmark: WD 312

Item number: ff.8v-9

Length: 29

Width: 89

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Drawing

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Pencil drawing of a scene at Janjmow by Robert Smith (1787-1873) dated October 1814. This is one of 27 drawings (29 folios) of views made during a march from Benares (Varanasi) to Bareilly in Uttar Pradesh, probably en route for Almora in 1814. Inscribed on the original cover is: 'No. XIII. Ganges & Luknow'. Captain Robert Smith was a military engineer with the East India Company and was in India from 1805 to 1833. He designed a number of buildings in India and also repaired various Indian monuments including the Kutb Minar and the Jami Masjid at Delhi.

Jajmau is the site of a very ancient settlement known as Siddhapuri, said to have been the kingdom of Yayati, the Pauranic king of the Chandravanshi race, the eighth in succession to Lord Brahma. The high mound overhanging the Ganga River has been identified as his fort. Jajmau is also the location of the famous Siddhnath temple of Lord Shiva and the Siddha Devi temple. The mausoleum of Makhdum Shah Ala-ul-Haq, the famous Sufi saint, built by Firoz Shah Tughlaq in 1358 is situated here together with a mosque built by Kulich Khan in 1679.

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